Human Development Index 2021: Under the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the Human Development Index 2021 report of 191 countries has been released, in which India’s position is not good. India is ranked 132 in the Human Development Index (HDI). Earlier in 2020, India was one place ahead i.e. 131st in this matter. However, a list of 189 countries was shared in 2020. The ADI value of India in the current list is 0.6333. According to this criterion, India is in the medium human development category. This HDI value is lower than its value of 0.645 in the 2020 report.
India’s HDI value was 0.645 in 2019, which came down to 0.633 in 2021, due to the decline in the mean age. The average age in India has come down from 69.7 years to 67.2 years. One of the issues on the basis of the report and the standards on which it is prepared is also of school education. The average years of schooling in India is 6.7 while it should be 11.9 years. The Human Development Index, based on health, education and median income, recorded a decline in 2020 and 2021, compared to a significant increase in the preceding five years.
India lags behind many neighboring countries
The current ranking of India is said to be in line with the decline at the global level. Regarding the current ranking, it is being said that for the first time in 32 years, human development has come to a standstill in the world. There has also been a decline in the average human lifespan globally, from 72.8 years in 2019 to 71.4 years in 2021. Experts are emphasizing on developing a sense of global solidarity to deal with the problem.
The Human Development Index is prepared on the three key issues of a long and healthy life, access to education and a decent standard of living. These issues are calculated based on four indicators, which include life expectancy at birth, average years of schooling, expected years of schooling and gross national income (GNI) per capita.
India has lagged behind other neighboring countries except Nepal and Pakistan in the Human Development Index. Sri Lanka is ranked 73rd in this list. China ranked 79, Bhutan 127, Bangladesh 129, Nepal 143 and Pakistan 161st. The top five countries are Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, Hong Kong and Australia respectively.
world press freedom index
The World Press Freedom Index report was released in May, in which India’s ranking had slipped from 142nd to 150th. The report was released by an organization called Reporters Without Borders. However, except Nepal, there was a drop in the ranking of other neighboring countries of India. In the ranking of 180 countries, Pakistan was ranked 157, Sri Lanka 146, Bangladesh 162 and Myanmar 176. Nepal’s position was said to be better, it was said to be at 76th position.
global hunger index
116 countries were included in the 2021 Global Hunger Index, out of which India ranked 101st. This report was released in October last year. In this report, neighboring countries- Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal were told ahead of India. At the same time, in 2020, India was ranked 94th out of 107 countries in the Global Hunger Index.
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