Although there is a lack of information from official sources, non-governmental organizations say that suicides are increasing alarmingly in the country. Experts are expressing concern about the number of suicides, especially among students. Besides, they are also worried about suicides by announcing on social media or coming live.
Based on the information published in 150 national and local newspapers and online portals of the country, a study by Anchal Foundation says that 7.97 percent of 12 to 6-year-olds commit suicide. But the most alarming thing is that a 7-year-old child also committed suicide. Founding president of the foundation Tansen Rose said that 194 of the 364 suicide victims were school going students. There were 76 college students, 44 students studying in madrasas. 76% of college students choose this route, of which 46.05% are male and 53.95% are female. Maximum i.e. 194 school going students committed suicide in last 8 months. Among them, 32.99 percent are male and 67.01 percent are female students. According to the department, the most number of students committed suicide in Dhaka. This rate is 25.27 percent. 16.48 percent in Chittagong, 14.1 percent in Khulna, 14.1 percent in Rajshahi Division, 9.62 percent in Barisal, 8.78 percent in Rangpur, 7.42 percent in Mymensingh, 4 percent in Sylhet.
Meanwhile, the overall situation of suicide in the country is also worrying. According to the World Health Organization, suicide is the 13th leading cause of death worldwide each year. And for those under the age of 35, the leading cause of death is suicide. According to a research conducted by this organization on suicide, the suicide rate has increased by 60 percent in the last 50 years mainly in developing countries around the world. Among these, suicide rate has increased by 2.06 percent in Bangladesh. It is seen that this number is increasing every year. An average of 30 people commit suicide in Bangladesh every day. Besides, several studies have revealed that in 6 years, about 70,000 people have chosen the path of suicide. According to Dhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP) data, 10,749 people committed suicide in Bangladesh in 2016. In 2017, 10,256 people committed suicide, in 2018, 11,000 and in 2019, more than 10,000 people committed suicide. And in 2020, that number has increased to 14 thousand 436 people. DMP does not have the exact suicide statistics for 2021. However, according to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, more than 11,000 people committed suicide in 2021.
One of the reasons for committing suicide is stress. Apart from this, dowry, unemployment, drug addiction, depression, indifference of parents, family quarrels, failure in love, lack of self-confidence, depression and harassment. People who suffer from depression are more likely to commit suicide.
In addition to these reasons, the type of news coverage also increases the risk of suicide, says the associate professor of the National Institute of Mental Health. Helal Uddin Ahmed. He said, almost every time the headlines in the media are ‘suicide by failing the exam’. And this kind of headline basically makes the student who failed the exam the next year the way to commit suicide. Because, in the title of this news, a message of what to do if you fail the exam is highlighted. In the news, the suicide victim is willingly or unwillingly transformed into a ‘heroic’ role while sympathizing with suicide. Even its consequences are dire. A suicide would garner a lot of sympathy for the ‘dead me’ which would be a substitute for social justice, leading to more suicides. So the media has to play a lot of role in preventing suicide.
Professor of Clinical Psychology Department of Dhaka University said why suicide is increasing among students. Kamal Uddin Ahmed Chowdhury said that there are some things in the current education system that are having a negative impact on the students. Students are evaluated by exam results. In many cases parents also do this. Which creates pressure on students. Besides, a healthy cultural vacuum has been created in the society. As a result, teenagers and young adults tend to commit suicide. Expressing concern, he said that more people will die of suicide in the next 3 years than the number of people who have died in Corona. As people develop economically, mental stress will also increase. If there is no initiative to deal with it, the situation will be dire. In this context today Saturday (September 10), International Suicide Prevention Day is being observed. This year’s theme of the day is ‘Instilling hope through action’. Various organizations will hold various programs on the occasion of the day.